Mocking and Making: Subjugation and Suppression of Marginalized and the Politics of Identity


  • Sohaib Alam Department of English, College of Sciences and Humanities in Al Kharj Prince Sattam bin Abdulaziz University, Saudi Arabia
  • Sadaf Khalid Research scholar, Dept. of Political Science, Aligarh Muslim University, India
  • Farhan Ahmad Department of English Studies, Faculty of Indian and Foreign Languages Akal University, Talwandi Sabo, India
  • Muhammed Salim Keezhatta Department of English, College of Science and Humanities in Al Kharj, Prince Sattam Bin Abdulaziz University, Alkharj, Saudi Arabia



Subjugation, Identity, Politics, History, Culture, Marginalized


Aim. The present study aims at foregrounding the importance of language and discourses advanced to suppress the voices of dissent and minorities. The subtle art of stimulating a psychologically suppressed identity or subjective violence is either through making or mocking historical facts, cultures, and human activities manifesting the concept of authoritarian democracy. Further, the aim of the study is to grasp the sense of constraints between universality and particularity that denounces the ‘reassertion of identity,’ among Indian Muslims. Moreover, the study judiciously examines disguised ‘mechanisms’ employed under authoritarian politics, tech-populism and journalism intending to promote businesses, dissemination of misinformation and contributes to creating an apocryphal human history, social alienation, and to discrediting an individual’s spontaneity.
Concept. The innate unity in a democratic society can be actualised either by envisaging or by translating the texts, thoughts, language and actions, which are altogether conceiving distinctive meanings to morality, ethnicity and culture having its relevance in the contemporary context. The paper features multiple trends/cases of how a single-party monologue has weakened pluralism along with the domination of othering the ‘Others’ under racial, cultural, and national particularism. The paper qualitatively investigates different incidents of transcreation of discourse in establishing or reclaiming the identity contextualised in Frantz Fanon’s declaration of ‘reclaiming the past.’
Results and conclusion. An ingenious discussion on dynamic languages, cultures and action enriches with time and individual incidents are discussed in the study. It re-evaluates the significance of revisiting the history to reclaim, reform, and reconstruct malleable identity and ideologies that take years to build, improvise and restore diversity
above majoritarian dogmatism in India. 

Originality. An inquiry into how thoughts, languages, and human action intertwined are to build a complaisant or contemptuous human identity is the idea behind the article. Indeed, the study’s originality depends on sorting and revisiting numerous dimensions of translation and transcreation of languages, linguistic structure, ideology,
and political intent in recent times, either subjugating or falsifying facts against the marginalized in India. The attempt is based on analyzing how the shift in knowledge, culture and social identity construction supersede the less powerful. It is practiced through utilizing tech support, popular mass culture and evolves a discourse to manipulate and
mobilize human consciousness for commercial and political gains.


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Author Biographies

Sohaib Alam, Department of English, College of Sciences and Humanities in Al Kharj Prince Sattam bin Abdulaziz University, Saudi Arabia

He is currently working as an Assistant Professor of English at the Department of English, College of Science and Humanities, Prince Sattam bin Abdulaziz University, Saudi Arabia. He holds a Ph.D. in English Language Teaching (ELT) from Aligarh Muslim University, India. His areas of interest are Applied Linguistics, Pragmatics, Teaching Methods, Blended Learning, and Pedagogic Theory. He has presented papers at both national and international conferences, published research articles and papers in various indexed journals. He has been teaching English for over 2 years.

Sadaf Khalid, Research scholar, Dept. of Political Science, Aligarh Muslim University, India

She is a research scholar in the Dept. of Political Science, Aligarh Muslim University, India. She completed her graduation in Political Science from Women's College and gold medalist in public administration for her Master's program from AMU, Aligarh. She writes for an online news platform ‘Eastern Herald.’ Her area of interest lies in Indian political affairs, public policy, Woman Representation and Empowerment, public sector management and local governance.

Farhan Ahmad, Department of English Studies, Faculty of Indian and Foreign Languages Akal University, Talwandi Sabo, India

He is an assistant professor at the Department of English Studies, Faculty of Indian and Foreign Language, Akal University, Punjab, India. His research interests include performance studies, modern European drama, cultural studies, gender studies and ESL/EFL pedagogy. 

Muhammed Salim Keezhatta, Department of English, College of Science and Humanities in Al Kharj, Prince Sattam Bin Abdulaziz University, Alkharj, Saudi Arabia

He is presently working at Department of English, College of Science and Humanities in Al-Kharj, Prince Sattam Bin Abdulaziz University, Saudi Arabia. His multifaceted research focuses mainly on Applied Linguistics, English Language Education, Neurolinguistics, Discourse Analysis, British literature and English for academic purposes. He has published several articles in various international journals and presented papers in many national and international conferences. He has been teaching English for over 12 years.


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How to Cite

Alam, S. ., Khalid, S., Ahmad, F. ., & Keezhatta, M. S. . (2021). Mocking and Making: Subjugation and Suppression of Marginalized and the Politics of Identity. Journal of Education Culture and Society, 12(1), 375–389.