• Alena Haskova Department of Technology and Information Technologies, Faculty of Education Constantine the Philosopher University in Nitra, Drazovska 4, 949 74 Nitra, Slovakia
  • Zdenka Gadusova Department of English and American Studies, Faculty of Arts Constantine the Philosopher University in Nitra, Stefanikova 67, 949 74 Nitra, Slovakia
  • Romana Havettova Department of English and American Studies, Faculty of Arts Constantine the Philosopher University in Nitra, Stefanikova 67, 949 74 Nitra, Slovakia Joint Vocational School of Business and Services Ul. SNP 5, 953 01 Zlaté Moravce, Slovakia



Key words: coronavirus pandemic, online teaching and learning, home schooling, strengths and weaknesses of home schooling, foreign language teaching, English learners


   Aim. The paper presents results of a questionnaire survey which aim was to find out English learners´ preferences of different platforms and applications to be used for home schooling.

   Concept. Key attention of the authors is paid to the issue of the transition of face-to-face forms of education to online platforms, caused by school closures due to the coronavirus pandemic in 2020. At first, they deal with the use of digital technologies in teaching in general. They analyse how digital didactic means were used prior to the pandemic situation and they present research results related to differences among the ways of the use of these means within different subjects teaching (natural science subjects, technically oriented subjects, languages, social science subjects, artwork subjects). Consequently, the authors deal with the methodological aspects of the use of online forms in foreign language teaching.

   Methodology. To find answer to such questions as which educational form, school education or home schooling, is more preferred by English learners, what are the strengths and weaknesses of home schooling, which foreign language skills are being practiced via online Zoom lessons,  which foreign language skills are being practiced via worksheets, or which mobile applications are used to enlarge students` vocabulary range, a questionnaire survey was carried out. Respondents of the survey were English learners, secondary vocational school students,,aged from 16 to 20 year-olds.

   Results and conclusions. Based on the analysis of the data recorded from the learners` responses to the particular questionnaire items as the most significant three weaknesses of the home schooling were identified technical problems, more homework and lack of social contacts, while as the main strengths were found out home comfort, sufficient sleeping time and less dense timetable.


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Author Biographies

Alena Haskova, Department of Technology and Information Technologies, Faculty of Education Constantine the Philosopher University in Nitra, Drazovska 4, 949 74 Nitra, Slovakia

Prof. Alena HAŠKOVÁ, Ph.D. is a professor of Technology of Education.  She works at Faculty of Education, Constantine the Philosopher University in Nitra. Her primary interests are methodology of teaching, IT applications in education, development of educational environments and their use for specific purposes, evaluation of teachers’ competences, school leadership and optimization of school management.

To the most important posts, she held, have belonged the post of the vice-head of the Didactic Technology Institute (1993 – 1999), vice-head of the UNESCO Chair for Interdisciplinary Research in Information and Education Technologies (1997 – 1999); vice-dean of the Faculty of Education for external forms of study (1999 – 2002), post by the Ministry of Education delegated executive statutory of the project to establish Institute of Quality Education for Central and East European Countries (2000 – 2002) followed by the post of the project manager of the Institute (2003 – 2004).

Currently she acts as the guarantee of the postgraduate (Ph.D.) study program Didactics of Technical Subject and guarantees habilitation and inauguration procedure in the science branch Subject Didactics - Didactics of Technical Subjects. She is an author and co-author of 20 monographs, 10 textbooks and approximately 400 articles published in Slovakia and abroad. In the last 6 years (2015 -2020) she published 47 articles indexed in WoS database and 33 articles indexed in Scopus.


Zdenka Gadusova, Department of English and American Studies, Faculty of Arts Constantine the Philosopher University in Nitra, Stefanikova 67, 949 74 Nitra, Slovakia

Prof. Zdenka GADUSOVA, Ph.D. is an experienced university manager, project foreign coordinator, university teacher and teacher trainer in the field of methodology of teaching languages. In 1990s she worked in the position of the Head of the Department of English and American Studies where she co-ordinated several TEMPUS JEP projects as a co-ordinator and contractor. In 1996 she became the Vice-dean for Education and since 2002 she was in the position of the Dean of the Faculty of Arts, Constantine the Philosopher University in Nitra (Slovakia) for 8 years. Then (2010-2014), she was the vice-dean for research and postgraduate studies. She is the author and co-author of twelve monographs and a number of articles and papers, regular presenter of the results of her research work at conferences and seminars.

Romana Havettova, Department of English and American Studies, Faculty of Arts Constantine the Philosopher University in Nitra, Stefanikova 67, 949 74 Nitra, Slovakia Joint Vocational School of Business and Services Ul. SNP 5, 953 01 Zlaté Moravce, Slovakia

Mgr. Romana HAVETTOVA is an experienced English teacher and school manager at upper-secondary Joint Vocational School of Business and Services in Zlate Moravce, Slovakia. Currently she also is a part-time PhD student in the field of linguo-didactics at Faculty of Arts, Constantine the Philosopher University in Nitra, Slovakia. She is interested in the methodology of teaching English as a foreign language and that is why she focuses her research activities on this field of science. Her research topic is at the moment much narrower aimed at development of reading comprehension skills of students using intervention program. She has published several papers devoted to teaching English and a course-book. Her research findings have also been presented at some conferences and other scientific events.



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How to Cite

Haskova, A., Gadusova, . Z. ., & Havettova, R. . (2021). METHODOLOGICAL ASPECTS OF ONLINE FORMS OF TEACHING. Journal of Education Culture and Society, 12(2), 139–152.