• Inha Petrovska Faculty of Philosophy, Department of Psychology, Ivan Franko National University of Lviv Universytetska 1, Lviv, Ukraine



civic identity, psychological mechanisms, stages of formation, civic socialization, citizen, state, psychological model


Aim. The research aims to present the psychological concept of civic identity formation, namely author's view on the nature of civic identity, the stages and psychological mechanisms of civic identity formation.

Methods. A system of general scientific methods was used: analysis and synthesis of the main provisions of research sources on the study of civic identity as a complex multidimensional personality formation, comprehension of the psychological foundations of civic identity, systematization and generalization of scientific provisions on the stages and mechanisms of identity.

Results. It is proposed to consider civic identity as a kind of organizational identity, which is self-determination in the organizational environment of the state, as well as self-identification with the role of a citizen and is the primary psychological regulator of civic behavior. The main stages of civic identity formation are: perceptual-systemic, normative-community and individual-integrational. The main mechanisms of formation of civic identity are: internalization of stereotypes and attitudes of citizenship; imitation of models of civic behavior; individuation of the meanings (sense) of citizenship; exteriorization of stereotypes, attitudes and patterns of civic behavior; implementation of the experience of interaction with the state and fellow citizens; comprehension of one's own citizenship.

Conclusions. Formation of civic identity (civic protoidentity – reproductive civic identity – productive civic identity) is a dynamic process that has staged nature as it involves a series of successive stages, at each of which civic identity undergoes qualitative changes and is formed as an individual's awareness and reflection of his/her place, role and degree of activity in the system of interaction with other citizens and the state.


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Author Biography

Inha Petrovska, Faculty of Philosophy, Department of Psychology, Ivan Franko National University of Lviv Universytetska 1, Lviv, Ukraine

Associate Professor of the Department of Psychology Ivan Franko Lviv National University, Lviv, Ukraine. Her scientific interests are focused on psychological aspects of the individual’s civic identity formation. Based on the principles of the theory of social identity and social self-categorization, the concept of the complexity of social identity and the systematic approach, the author's definition and the model of the civic identity are developed. On this subject she published 13 articles. Interested also in civic culture, civic education, multiplicity of person’s civic identity, individual psychological characteristics and emigration sentiment of students with different types of civic identity, functions of the civic identity etc.


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How to Cite

Petrovska, I. (2021). PSYCHOLOGICAL MODEL OF CIVIC IDENTITY FORMATION. Journal of Education Culture and Society, 12(2), 167–178.