Life strategies of senior students as the ability to determine life purposes in modern circumstances


  • Marina Marchenoka Faculty of Education, Language and Design, Rezekne Academy of Technologies Atbrivosanas aleja 115, Rezekne, LV-4601, Latvia



senior students, life strategies, purpose life orientation, perception of the past, perception of the present, perception of the future, society


Aim. The purpose of this article is to define the scientific paradigm in understanding of the concept of “life strategies of a person” and to conduct an empirical research in order to determine average values of indicators of life meaningfulness and subjective perception of the past, present, and future of senior students in Latvia.

Methods. The research is based on the theoretical study of different conceptual approaches to comprehension of the phenomenon life strategies. Following research methods were used:1) Dmitry Leontiev’s test defined in “purpose life orientations” method (2006); for data acquisition; 2) a method “past, present and future” by Svetlana Mezhvidova (2001); 3) “colour test” method invented by Max Lüscher (1990). For processing data following analysis methods were used: processing of quantitative data by applying methods of mathematical analysis of statistical data as well as forecasting analytical methods.; Student’s t-test to compare medians of two independent samples; Spearman’s rank correlation; processing of qualitative data: content study and analysis, coding and processing of the obtained data; elucidation of quantitative and qualitative analysis.

Results and conclusions. The theoretical analysis suggests that there is a definite scientific paradigm in understanding of the concept of life strategies of senior students. The empirical research showed that Latvian senior students have the average indicators of sense life orientations and that they are quite low according to statistically different scales. It characterises the insufficient process of setting and defining goals by senior students, the achievement of which would help them acquire the sense of meaningfulness, direction, and hopefulness of future life.


Download data is not yet available.

Author Biography

Marina Marchenoka, Faculty of Education, Language and Design, Rezekne Academy of Technologies Atbrivosanas aleja 115, Rezekne, LV-4601, Latvia

PhD in Pedagogy, Leading Researcher at the Rezekne Academy of Technologies (Latvia), Expert of the Latvian Academy of Social Sciences - Educational Sciences (Since 2010), author of more than 50 scientific publications, including articles and book, Editorial Board Member/Reviewer of Science Journal of Education (SJEDU) - Science Publishing Group, New York (USA), Member/Reviewer of Universal Journal of Educational Research - Horizon Research Publishing, New York (USA), Member/Reviewer of the scientific committee of International Scientific Journal Education Reform in Comprehensive School: Education Content Research and Implementation Problems (Latvia), Member/Reviewer of International scientific conference Society, Integration, Education (Latvia), Member of European associations, Dissertations reviewer, Expertise and evaluation of international scientific projects. Research interests: values and socialization of personality, school pedagogy, music pedagogy, citizenship education


Abuljkhanova-Slavskaya K. (1991). Strategii zhizni [Life strategies]. Moscow: Mislj.

Adler, A. (2011). Praktika i teorija individualjnoj psihologiji [Practice and theory of individual psychology]. Moscow: Akademicheskij project.

Bauman, Z. (2001). The individualised society. Cambridge, United Kingdom: Polity Press.

Beck, U. (2000). Obschestvo riska [Risk society]. Moscow: Progress-Tradicija.

Bell, D. (2007). The coming of post-industrial society: A venture of social forecasting. United Kingdom: World of Books.

Baudrillard, J. (1998). The Consumer Society. Paris: Gallimard.

Crumbaugh, J. & Maholick, L. (1964). An experimental study in existentialism: The psychometric approach to Frankl’s concept of noogenic neurosis. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 20(2), 4-81.

Deci, E. & Ryan, R. (2009). The “what” and “why” of goal pursuits: Human needs and the self-determination of behavior. Journal of Psychological Inquiry, 11(4), 227-268.

Horney, K. (2009). Samoanaliz [Self-Analysis]. Moscow: Akademicheskij project.

Jung, C. G. (2020). Ocherki po analiticheskoj psihologiji [Essays on analytical psychology]. Kiev: Harvest.

Leontiev, D. (2006). Test smislozhiznennih orientacij [Life-meaning orientation test]. Moscow: Smisl.

Lüscher, M. (1990). Luscher Color Test. New York: Pocket.

Mezhvidova, S. (2001). Psihologicheskie tipi. Tipoligija 69 [Psychological types. Typology 69]. Moscow: Ast-Press.

Osipova, L. & Enveri, L. (2016). Life strategies of young people: sociological research experience. Journal of Economic and Social Changes: Facts, Trends, Forecast, 4(46), 108-129.

Toffler, A. (2019). The complete future shocks. Oxford, United Kingdom: Rebellion.

Webster, F. (2014). Theories of the Information Society. London: Routledge.




How to Cite

Marchenoka, M. . (2021). Life strategies of senior students as the ability to determine life purposes in modern circumstances. Journal of Education Culture and Society, 12(2), 330–340.